CBD Extraction From Cannabis Plant – How Is It Done


CBD Extraction From Cannabis Plant - How Is It Done

The warning also utilized to hemp CBD capsules and oil that have been being marketed illegally while not adhering to the federal definition of a dietary complement. Cannibidoil extraction is complete in 20 minutes without ever freezing any of the components your using. Rick Simpson Oil extraction method was heavily laden with carcinogens acetone also left huge numbers of carcinogens. Infused Olive Oil got here within the cleanest with solely the carcinogens inherent to the Olive Oil to start with. Full spectrum CBD oil is extra well-liked total than CBD oils made using isolate. People declare they benefit from the effects further, but science has not however confirmed whether or not this is empirically true. If an isolate-based CBD oil just isn’t working for you and THC simply isn’t an issue, begin on full spectrum cbd oil using the the “Start low, go gradual” strategy.
Winterization isn’t always performed, but it’s a very important course of when the final product is intended to be vaped. Some terpenes and totally different compounds are additionally filtered out throughout this course of, nevertheless many producers choose to add terpenes to their CBD oil after winterization. Possibly one of the simplest ways to extract CBD oil, as a result of it solely requires some CBD-wealthy bud, olive oil, and some primary kitchen gear to make sure a gradual provide of warmth. In the only attainable terms, CO2 acts as a solvent when used on the proper temperature and stress. Specialized gear is used to transform the CO2 into a liquid that’s at supercritical chilly temperatures.
However, as a result of we’re starting with already decarboxylated hashish, the goal is to stay away from heating it over 200 ranges. Ethanol extraction, nevertheless, can produce hashish oil with as much as ninety 9 p.c purity, which means a better prime quality finish product. The Vital Plan Select oil is full spectrum, which means it incorporates trace parts of THC along with further cannabinoids and hemp compounds, along with terpenes. This product has as a lot as 6 occasions further terpenes than most completely completely different CBD oils out there, which might help improve the results of CBD.

You can actually feel the results shortly and can regulate your dosage as important. The majority of users choose full-spectrum products because they provide synergistic benefits of the complete plant. Cannabis is assessed as a Schedule I drug throughout the United States but is legally accepted in 16 states and the District of Columbia for therapeutic purposes. Provacan CBD vape oil is extracted from complete-plant hemp and incorporates a full-spectrum blend of naturally-occurring cannabinoids and terpenes. Our purpose from day one has been to ship the most effective grade merchandise based totally on trendy, information-pushed research from a number of the world’s leading cannabis analysis organizations. Alcohol is a good gadget and a really environment friendly solvent that can be used in numerous ways to achieve totally different outcomes.

All You Need to Know About CBD Legal Guidelines

Israel, one different occasion, has led one of the simplest ways with ground-breaking analysis into hashish cultivation. Hence, female crops are the ones growers favor, though actually, male marijuana vegetation are a requirement for pollination.
CBD Extraction From Cannabis Plant - How Is It Done
Finally, ethanol can’t be tailored to separate cannabinoids or terpenes via the extraction half to work proper into a predetermined product pipeline. Overall, ethanol extraction is an environment friendly course of most suited to excessive-throughput, bulk-processing laboratories that focus on a couple Best CBD Lotions of products. This kind of method is also restricted inside the variety of merchandise it may probably produce because all the acid-type cannabinoids are decarboxylated through the extraction.
The marketplace for oil extraction concentrates is proliferating as the marijuana business grows in scope and recognition. Licensed Producers have CBD oil products, but they could not essentially meet most of the people’s needs. Cannabinoid extractions from the cannabis and hemp plant have moreover yielded substances which may be thought to have nice potential in treating most cancers and limiting cancer progress.
Hemp oil is often utilized in magnificence/skincare merchandise but acquired’t have the identical impression as CBD oils. The extracts are sourced from hemp grown utilizing natural and sustainable farming practices and comprise no elements or preservatives. NuLeaf Naturals is among the most dependable American hemp firms that produce high quality CBD oils. CBD is taken into account one of bigger than a hundred cannabinoids that occur naturally contained in the plant. With this method, which has been utilized by many residence growers, the CBD oil is made by infusing hemp or hashish in a service oil. One of basically probably the most sought cannabinoids present in hemp and hashish crops is cannabidiol on account of it’s believed to be a therapeutic compound. Extracting cannabinoids from cannabis or hemp could also be as simple as making cannabutter at house.
The CBD oil may be mixed with varied essential oils, shea butter, aloe vera, and waxes to create CBD lotions, pores and pores and skin salves, and different topicals. To create CBD vape oils, the CBD oil is combined with a mixture of vegetable glycerin and propylene glycol and natural flavoring . Research has confirmed conclusively that marijuana clients expertise decrease inside eye stress whereas the body metabolizes THC. However, the psychoactive undesirable unwanted side effects of utilizing THC to deal with glaucoma make hashish a nonviable remedy for most people with the illness. Cannabis analysis suggests medical marijuana may become an environment friendly remedy for diabetic neuropathy. Adam is a workers writer for Green Rush Daily and High Times who hails from Corvallis, Oregon.
India and Sri Lanka have allowed hashish to be taken inside the context of traditional culture for leisure/celebratory functions and likewise for medicinal capabilities. Medical marijuana refers back to the usage of the Cannabis plant as a doctor-beneficial natural treatment in addition to artificial THC and cannabinoids. The solvent is considered a cleaner, purer form of extraction as a result of there isn’t a residue after extraction. Best CBD Face Masks The solvents generally utilized in extractions right now all have professionals and cons, and all could also be operated safely as long as right pointers and laws are followed. Research is displaying that CBD extract has an infinite potential in the medical market.
Continuous monitoring of the final product is important to understand the exact desired focus consistency and avoid burning the oil. The main benefit of utilizing a distiller is they’re low price, simple, and fast. There are various strategies and processes used to extract oils from botanical supplies. To determine the best course of for a hashish extraction fanatic to make use of at home we should always first contemplate what the options are. It moreover has a relatively low boiling degree, which makes it simple to remove from ultimate product, and an excellent toxicological profile together with FDA limits in the vary of zero.5 %. However, there is a excessive solvent-to-feed requirement, which can create ethanol storage compliance issues and a need for an expensive, excessive-throughput rotary evaporator.

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Additionally, this method destroys certain plant waxes and might depart behind very harmful residues. So, this method of extraction leads to extra harmful contaminants than one other and isn’t actually helpful. Ethanol extraction, having said that, can generate hashish oil with as a lot as 99 % purity, which suggests a larger good prime quality end reply. Ethanol extraction requires introducing the solvent ethanol to the hemp or marijuana plant to be able to extract the cannabinoids. After CBD oil is extracted from hemp or cannabis, the method of winterization begins.
Because Using CBD Oil For IPF ’s a pure extract, there are few, if any, undesirable unwanted side effects. The extract works with the physique’s endocannabinoid system, which is the system’s technique of regulating processes, like ache, temper, urge for meals, and reminiscence.
CBD Extraction From Cannabis Plant - How Is It Done
Another con of this method is that the method not solely removes the cannabinoids however moreover removes chlorophyll along with it. When individuals focus on how CBD merchandise are made, they’re primarily speaking concerning the specific extraction approach. The most common strategies to extract CBD oil use carbon dioxide, steam distillation, or hydrocarbon or natural solvents.
The CBD may be blended with a supplier oil like hemp seed oil or coconut oil to create CBD oil tinctures. However, some individuals would fairly don’t have any THC of their oil, even in very low, authorized portions. Every few hours, stir the oil and flower supplies to evenly distribute the infusion throughout the method. Do not stir frequently, as it’ll allow more of the volatile terpenes to flee into the air.

CBD As Preventative Measure For Several Health Problems

Winterization is the process to take away undesirable components that had been extracted from the plant, for example fats, waxes, and lipids. Part of the evolution of any type of tools comes from the introduction of recent Audrey methods.
CBD Extraction From Cannabis Plant - How Is It Done
You’ll be capable of be use CBD oil in such quite a lot of various routes and discreetly must you select. It might surprise you, nevertheless creating your private CBD oil at residence just isn’t as tough of a course of as you’ll have thought. The C02 extraction technique needs exceptionally costly gear that use pressurized C02 to tug the CBD from the plant. Facility – In addition to the instruments issues, the facility should even be applicable for the extraction solvent. Hash oil is a resinous matrix of cannabinoids obtained from the Cannabis plant by solvent extraction, customary into a hardened or viscous mass. Butane and supercritical carbon dioxide hash oil have turn into popular in recent years. The plant can also be known as hemp, although this time period is usually used to refer solely to varieties of Cannabis cultivated for non-drug use.

A Quick Review on CBD Vape Oils

I’d wish to keep away from intoxicating options of hashish as a result of it will increase my anxiousness. These Cannabis THC check kits work on plant provides as well as oils, edibles, and tinctures. The extract works with the body’s endocannabinoid system, which is the system’s method of regulating processes, like ache, temper, urge for food, and memory. CBD works with the pure system rather than being an unnatural substance, so the physique doesn’t attempt to reject it. CBD extract could also be sourced from cannabis or hemp, most sometimes from hemp, which is naturally excessive in CBD. Cannabis could be bred to have low THC ranges and excessive CBD ranges, however it’s potential that the THC will get concentrated and included in your final merchandise. Since 2001, Apeks Supercritical by GIBRALTAR has been designing, refining, and manufacturing botanical oil extraction methods using subcritical and supercritical CO2.

CBD extract could also be sourced from hashish or hemp, most sometimes from hemp, which is in fact excessive in CBD. Cannabis may also be bred to have low THC ranges and excessive CBD ranges, however it’s potential that the THC will get concentrated and included in your final merchandise. The fantastic thing about CBD, in particular, is that it isn’t psychoactive in nature and has no negative effects associated to its use, nevertheless it moreover boasts lots of health advantages. In fact, CBD encompasses plenty of the well being advantages that completely different compounds offer, and extra. In this information, you will find out how CBD is extracted from the plant, which is the strategy that separates it from the other compounds. CBD extraction strategies have an effect on the quality and purity of the last word product along with what other compounds could also be present. Whichever CBD extraction course of you choose will affect how much CBD oil could also be extracted from a hemp plant.
It is obvious from the above particulars that this methodology requires a fancy process and therefore requires pricey gear. Manufacturers who produce excessive-quality CBD merchandise invest on this technique. CBD Tinctures comprise CBD extracted from hemp oil along with a provider oil starting from Hemp Seed Oil, MCT Oil, Organic Extra-Virgin Olive Oil, Grapeseed Oil, Coconut Oil & further Best CBD Lip Balms. The pointless plant matter is eradicated and the final word CBD extract accommodates no harmful chemical compounds. The use of alcohol extraction has been spherical for one thousand’s of years and in observe it’s fairly simple. Alcohol acts as a solvent, striping the THC, CBD, terpenes, chlorophyll, fat, lipids and wax compounds from plant supplies then suspending these compounds in alcohol determination type.
In the only attainable phrases, CO2 acts as a solvent when used on the correct temperature and strain. Besides being an especially harmful process, the downside is that the solvent residue could be poisonous in the event that they aren’t utterly eliminated in the course of the evaporation step.

Allueur Hemp and CBD Infused Skincare and Beauty Products

You pack the plant materials into the Mason jar and pour in sufficient alcohol to completely cowl the plant supplies. Tinctures are usually used as a convenient supply system for medicinal herbs on account of the alcohol permits for plant compounds to be absorbed shortly into the blood stream. For this cause, taking hashish within the type of tinctures makes it less complicated to dose than cannabis coconut oil or cannabutter based edibles.
Oil infusion is a straightforward technique of CBD oil extraction, which might initially require heating or decarboxylation of the plant supplies to activate CBD and completely different plant compounds. One of the most sought cannabinoids found in hemp and hashish crops is cannabidiol as a result of it’s believed to be a therapeutic compound. You’ve most likely heard about CBD oil, and you’re now looking out for additional details about how it’s made and the way it may be helpful for your well being. There are some ways to extract CBD from hemp and hashish vegetation, which embody oil infusion, distillation, liquid solvent extraction, and carbon dioxide extraction. Supercritical CO2 extraction is the gold standard in relation to creating top-of-the-line hemp plant extracts.
This methodology works similarly to totally different solvent strategies, but larger for a couple of causes. Most notably, ethanol is safe for consumption and doesn’t create the similar residues or contaminants as different solvents may, so that you get a extra pure CBD. Ethanol also is a polar solvent, which permits it to drag further water-soluble molecules.
This proposal depends on an preliminary literature review on the security of low dose CBD printed by the TGA in April 2020. Epidyolex was approved, for the adjunctive therapy of seizures related to Lennox-Gastaut syndrome or with Dravet syndrome, on 18 September 2020, and added to the ARTG on 21 September 2020. Food and beverage merchandise containing cannabidiol have been extensively marketed within the United States as early as 2017.
CBD Extraction From Cannabis Plant - How Is It Done
Cannabis has long been used for hemp fibre, hemp seeds and their oils, hemp leaves for use as greens and as juice, medicinal functions, and as a recreational drug. Industrial hemp merchandise are made from cannabis plants chosen to produce an abundance of fiber. Hemp is a phytoremediator which implies it’s going to soak up one thing within the soil it’s planted in. Our hemp is non GMO and a lot of the hemp utilized in our merchandise is grown on native family-owned Colorado farms. As hemp is used in many merchandise from clothes to building supplies, you could moderately ask the query, “Is there CBD in hemp oil? ” The reply is that because of not all hemp vegetation have the identical diploma of cannabinoids, not all hemp oils comprise cannabinoids, together with CBD.

Research has proven conclusively that marijuana customers expertise decrease inside eye pressure while the physique metabolizes THC. However, the psychoactive undesirable unwanted unwanted side effects of utilizing THC to cope with glaucoma make cannabis a nonviable remedy for most people with the sickness. Cannabis evaluation suggests medical marijuana may turn out to be an environment friendly treatment for diabetic neuropathy.
The CO2 extraction stays an exception as a result of it requires some extreme financial contribution to assemble the equipment, not to mention the whole know-how. Using an extract technique like CO2 extraction, CBD and extra cannabinoids are drawn out of the hemp plant.
The TN SBEAP can also be obtainable for serving to small companies with these issues and permitting questions. Project CBD talks with Dr. Bonni Goldstein about complete plant cannabis remedies, nonintoxicating cannabinoids, and most cancers care for kids. Hash oil is a resinous matrix of cannabinoids obtained from the Cannabis plant by solvent extraction, shaped proper into a hardened or viscous mass. Provacan CBD eLiquid/vape products are formulated in collaboration with main Israeli researchers and institutions.

These useful and cheap products, when appropriately made, present the entire benefits of the hemp plant. Since prime quality may range, you will want to know what to seek for when purchasing for pre-rolls. Marijuana plants and hashish oil are nonetheless unlawful, nevertheless hemp crops aren’t, though they’re nonetheless tightly regulated by the federal authorities. There’s a protracted itemizing of solvents which may be utilized for extraction along with butane, propane, C02, naphtha, acetone, isopropyl, ethanol, and many extra. But you inhale or eat many CBD merchandise, such as tinctures, gummies, and vaping oils. Currently, people extract their cannabinoids with CO2, alcohol-primarily based solvents, olive oil, and even dry ice.

The carbon dioxide will draw the cannabinoids, terpenes, and essential oils out of the plant materials. Extracting CBD from cannabis calls for selectively-bred, excessive-CBD marijuana strains, or numerous strains of hemp. Selective breeding leads to strains excessive in the objective cannabinoids, similar to THC or CBD; this, in turn, can improve the effectivity of the extraction course of. CBD’s widespread advantages are treating anxiousness, lowering ache and irritation, serving to forestall seizures, amongst many others.

A primary revenue to CBD is that it doesn’t embody THC, which is the compound that makes prospects excessive, so this makes CBD a perfect product for youths. When buying merchandise from top-of-the-line CBD oil brands, you’ll primarily encounter two attainable extraction methods that they use – CO2 or ethanol .
Winterization is the method to remove undesirable elements that have been extracted from the plant, as an example fats, waxes, and lipids. The majority of shoppers select full-spectrum merchandise on account of they supply synergistic advantages of the entire plant.
Marijuana vegetation and cannabis oil are nonetheless illegal, nevertheless hemp crops aren’t, although they’re nonetheless tightly regulated by the federal authorities. There’s a protracted itemizing of solvents that could be utilized for extraction together with butane, propane, C02, naphtha, acetone, isopropyl, ethanol, and lots of extra.
CBD Tinctures embrace CBD extracted from hemp oil along with a carrier oil ranging from Hemp Seed Oil, MCT Oil, Organic Extra-Virgin Olive Oil, Grapeseed Oil, Coconut Oil & extra. With these THC examine kits, the cannabinoids might be separated and identified on specifically impregnated TLC plates.

Treating Dementia Issues of Elderly People with CBD Oil

There’s a protracted itemizing of solvents which may be utilized for extraction together with butane, propane, C02, naphtha, acetone, isopropyl, ethanol, and plenty of further. The greenish shade of the extraction solvent is a sign of the entire extraction. Cannabis CBD testing is important as a result of it helps in identifying crucial makes use of for CBD merchandise. These aren’t designed to make extractions, however many people use them because of their pace and quantity of production. Once she is going to get her card, the “budtenders” in the licensed dispensaries can advise her as to the proper CBD product , power, and dosage. If she lives in a state where recreational weed is allowed, the “budtenders” within the marijuana shops can steer her to the proper power of CBD oil and the right dosage.

THC is the psychoactive cannabinoid within the plant, which causes the high or euphoria related to other strategies of consumption. Super important CO2 extraction is extra refined, yet it’s protected and provides you extreme efficiency and purity. Don’t worry if the extraction out of your flower might look like darkish and murky, and never clear and translucent like you could have anticipated.
All NuLeaf naturals merchandise are derived from specifically-bred “therapeutic hemp” grown on licensed farms in Colorado. NuLeaf Naturals uses CO2 extraction to extract CBD from each plant, making a full spectrum bulk CBD product. The warmth utilized in this recipe merely helps expedite the cannabinoid extraction process to bind with oil. However, on account of we’re beginning with already decarboxylated cannabis, the objective is to avoid heating it over 200 levels. The butane is pressurized and heated, which transforms it from liquid to a vapor, making it less complicated to remove.
You could make an extract from all elements of the plant using solvents aside from live resin extract which shall be discussed later. Ultimately, to make excessive-high quality concentrates you should at all times use dried and correctly cured hashish. Nowadays, the science behind hashish extraction has matured significantly, with additional technologically demanding methods getting used. For occasion, modern herb typically incorporates as a lot as 30 % of THC and 24 % CBD, compared with concentrates which may be as a lot as ninety nine % pure. Before we get into it, let’s introduce the science of CBD to utterly perceive how the strategy works. Extracts picked up major popularity alongside dab tradition, and slowly however certainly they have turn into simply as distinguished as flowers. Extracts are additionally proving priceless within the realm of scientific analysis and cannabis pharmaceutical developments.
The analysis group will proceed to extend the CBD wholesale research efforts so as to ensure knowledge is correct and up to date accordingly. Regardless of the expansion course of, the harvested hemp or marijuana crops are then put by way of a novel extraction course of that yields hemp oil excessive in Cannabidiol. It is clear from the above details that this technique requires a fancy course of and hence requires costly gear. Manufacturers who produce excessive-high quality CBD merchandise invest on this method. Traditional hash, or hashish, is one different instance of a solvent-free, extra fundamental hashish extract. simply cbd black friday Again, the thought is to separate the trichromes from the plant material as they include the most effective focus of fascinating compounds.

The extreme stress coupled with low temperatures helps in making the CO2 “supercritical” because it has each fuel and liquid properties. The supercritical fluid acts as a non-poisonous solvent that when added to hemp, it liberates any hidden phytonutrients. This takes place as considered one of many final steps earlier than full spectrum oil is obtained. Decarboxylation may take place earlier than or after the extraction, and the precise methodology followed could be very relying on this various.
However, hemp can check with any industrial or foodstuff product that isn’t meant to be used as a drug. Many nations regulate limits for psychoactive compound concentrations in merchandise labeled as hemp.
A primary drawback dealing with the hashish commerce today is an absence of commonly accepted necessities – as evidenced by the question referring to “CBD-rich”. This incorporates cbd spray sun display screen 3oz electrical fixtures, and as well as monitoring and evacuation tools within the event there’s a release of flammable fuel into the world across the gear. For more information about our Apeks Supercritical techniques please fill out the contact type beneath and we will reply to you shortly.
They have become instrumental for infusing merchandise into edibles and topicals. Extracts are moreover proving priceless in the realm of scientific research and hashish pharmaceutical developments. While technically not steps of CBD extraction, activation of energetic organic compounds and purification of CBD oil are two processes that are important in CBD manufacturing. There are many various approaches, however the frequent thought is to maneuver a solvent by the use of the dried plant materials to separate the energetic compounds. Ethanol extractions are usually ingesting versus inhaled, like the popular treatment Rick Simpson Oil. Using ethanol to extract the helpful compounds from the cannabis plant is taken into account a lot safer and far more easy than different in style strategies. Best CBD Lip Balms Crafting an ethanol extract takes a few three-minute wash throughout the chosen solvent.

A primary profit to CBD is that it doesn’t contain THC, which is the compound that makes shoppers extreme, so this makes CBD a super product for youths. When on the point of perform an extraction you’ll need to first resolve what kind the ultimate product take and what it’ll be used for. For medicinal extractions like FECO an extended soak of 1-hour to a variety of days is used leading to a dark inexperienced or black oil for oral ingestion. Another method to use ethanol is to soak the plant matter within the liquid till the CBD, and completely different cannabinoids have been drawn out of the hemp, after which ethanol is boiled away. The majority of CBD is extracted from industrial hemp, which is a time interval used to explain strains of the hashish plant that incorporates .3% or less of THC.
Total extraction implies that the THC residing inside the resin-producing, stalked, glandular trichomes cells shall be released and because of this fact measured as properly. The extraction solvent disrupts the cell partitions so all cannabinoid compounds could be launched. This action is in distinction to analytical laboratories the place alcohol or hexane is used as an extraction solvent which only washes the oil droplets on the trichomes. This is why you’ll normally see “hemp extract” on the label and in the elements document. After extraction, the oil is added to numerous merchandise, along with CBD oil tinctures, gummies, capsules, topicals, and vape oils.

While analysis on cannabichromene lags behind others, there’s good trigger to proceed wanting into its potential as a medicine. During the creation of pre-bundled hemp buds or embraces, the pieces fall into the pack. These little items, usually often known as “shake,” are generally of a similar high quality because the blossom buds. CBD pre-rolls are the premade joints which are rolled with hemp instead and by no means with marijuana. There are 483 identifiable chemical constituents known to exist inside Allueur Hemp and CBD Infused Skincare Products the cannabis plant, and at least eighty 5 different cannabinoids have been isolated from the plant. The two cannabinoids often produced in finest abundance are cannabidiol and/or Δ9-tetrahydrocannabinol , nonetheless solely THC is psychoactive. The rigorous scientific examine of hashish as a drugs has been hampered by manufacturing restrictions and by the truth that it’s categorised as an illegal drug by many governments.
  • THC and CBD are both discovered in the flowers, seeds, and stalks of each hemp and marijuana.
  • Either of those strategies can be utilized to create full-spectrum CBD oils that comprise completely different cannabinoids as properly discount code.
  • The extraction is warmed and as its warmed, the alcohol evaporates because the boiling stage of alcohol is lower than the oil.
  • In this technique, plant matter is decarboxylated after which packed tightly right into a container.

For this reason, taking hashish within the type of tinctures makes it simpler to dose than cannabis coconut oil or cannabutter based mostly edibles. The majority of customers favor full-spectrum merchandise on account of they supply synergistic benefits of the whole plant. The extraction methods are the modes by which one can simply separate the specified merchandise from the precise hashish plant.
Next, the plant materials is added to the carrier oil and heated as soon as more for a number of hours. This is an inexpensive approach that doesn’t put consumers vulnerable to consuming any contaminants; nonetheless, it’s not thought-about very efficient the least bit.
Solvents are the go-to methods for extracting CBD at house on account of they’re the only. Studies have shown that cannabinoids have the power to cut back pimples, good traces and wrinkles, soothe redness and irritation, and steadiness pure pores and skin oils. I regularly use our do-it-your self cannabis salve on my knees, ankles, and different aching or contaminated joints and muscular tissues. have come to gentle, and right now it finds a selected place not just in well being and wellness products but in gardening as properly. Don’t fear if the extraction out of your flower may seem like dark and murky, and never clear and translucent like you would have anticipated.

Author Biography: Elena Ognivtseva

Author Biography: Elena Ognivtseva

Elena is an avid blogger who enjoys writing articles on fashion, beauty, lifestyle, fitness and recently, CBD niches. Elena has been described as a "delightfully eccentric with a creative take on things" (New York Times) with an ability to "bring you new facts that will make you go WOW!" (Vanity Fair). Elena has been writing since her uni days where she was a regular contributor to the student magazine. After pursuing a career in finance in the heart of London's financial hub, Elena has decided to start blogging in her spare time as an outlet for her creativity and ideas. During her spare time, Elena enjoy horse riding, camping and hiking, interior design and keeping abreast with the latest trends. Elena is in the process of starting up her own beauty cosmetics line in the near future. Elena is also a contributing author to fashion and lifestyle magazines and has been featured in Vice, Country Living, Harrods magazine, Daily Telegraph, Grazia and Women's Health.